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Top 5 Law Entrance Exams: Hey there, future legal eagles!  So, you’ve got your sights set on a thrilling career in law, but you’re not exactly sure how to navigate the labyrinth of entrance exams? No worries! I’ve got your back. Law is no longer confined to just courtroom battles and those iconic black robes. It’s a whole universe of opportunities – think corporate dynamism, prestigious law firms, crafting your own legal practice, serving justice, teaching, and so much more. But here’s the deal: the right college can set you up for victory in this challenging game. Think of it as your launchpad, your training ground, your stepping stone to legal superstardom. So, let’s get you acquainted with the crème de la crème of law entrance exams in India that’ll unlock the gates to the coolest law colleges.

So, here’s a list of all the top law colleges and their entrance exams for your guidance.






CLAT: The Big Boss of Law Entrance Exams

Roll out the red carpet for the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), the granddaddy of them all! If you’re eyeing a B.A. LL.B (five-year integrated undergraduate) or LLM course, this is your ticket to the coolest NLUs (National Law Universities) in town – well, almost all of them except NLU Delhi. The twist this year? CLAT’s gone offline! 🎮 No age limit, so no worries there. If you’ve aced your 10+2 or its equivalent, you’re good to go. Show the following marks some love:

45% marks for Unreserved/OBC/Specially abled rockstars.

40% marks for the SC/ST champs

Even if you’re in the midst of your 12th-grade hustle and bustle, you can join the CLAT party. Just remember to flash your 10+2 completion proof when you’re up for admission. Ready to dive into the CLAT world? Website:

Top 5 Law Entrance Exams
Top 5 Law Entrance Exams

AILET: Unleash Your Legal Superpowers with AILET

Hold onto your capes, because the All India Law Entrance Test (AILET) is here to channel your inner legal superhero! NLU Delhi’s the ringmaster for this spectacular show, tailored for their B.A. LL.B (5-year integrated undergraduate) and LL.M (2-year postgraduate) courses. Picture this: 83 seats up for grabs in the B.A. LL.B program. To join this league of extraordinary legal scholars, you’ll need a flashy 50% in your 10+2 exam.

Hey, you high school heroes in the making – if you’re rocking your 12th-grade journey right now, don’t sweat it! You can totally apply for AILET. Just remember, when the admission curtain rises, your 10+2 pass certificate better be in the spotlight. Swing by for all things AILET!

SLAT: Symbiosis’ Party for the Bold and the Bright

Welcome to the party zone, courtesy of the Symbiosis Law Admission Test (SLAT)! Symbiosis International University (SIU) is your host, and they’re inviting you to score an invite to their swanky integrated undergraduate courses B.A. LL.B and B.B.A. LL.B. The entry criteria? Your dazzling 10+2 report card from a recognized board, spiced up with:

A dash of 45% for the suave general category.

A sprinkle of 40% for the cool cats in the SC and ST categories.

Hold up, future legal legends still awaiting their 10+2 results! You’re on the guest list too, as long as you’re ready to flaunt that pass certificate once it’s in your hands. Want to crash this SLAT shindig? Brush up on the deets at

LSAT: The Global Hotshot of Entrance Exams

Globetrotting dreams? The Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is your golden ticket, and it’s got the global passport! Not only does it give you access to India’s finest law schools, but it also opens doors to law schools around the world. LSAC (Law School Admission Council) is the brain behind this multiple-choice masterpiece. Think of it as the ultimate test of your critical thinking, logic, and reading skills – the superpowers every lawyer needs.

Picture this: LSAT scores are like the VIP pass to law schools like OP Jindal Global Law School and Kirit Mehta NMIMS School of Law. Get the lowdown on this international sensation at

CUET: Central Universities’ Rockstar Entrance

Hey, dreamers of Central Universities fame, listen up! The Central Universities Common Entrance Test (CUET) is your golden gateway. Whether you’re eyeing the iconic Banaras Hindu University or other central universities, CUET’s got your back. This is the key to unlock multiple doors, and guess what? All central universities are waving you in.

For the inside scoop on CUET and your backstage pass to central universities, check out

Wrapping Up the Legal Extravaganza

Hold up, future legal legends! You’re ready to conquer the world of law, armed with the know-how of these top 5 law entrance exams. Say goodbye to stereotypes and hello to a vibrant world of opportunities – think corporate law, shaping justice, making waves in academia, or crafting your legal destiny. Your college choice is your compass, guiding you to greatness. So, dive into the details, explore each exam’s quirks, and embark on your legal journey with all the swagger and confidence you can muster. The world of law is your oyster – go crack it open! 🌟


1. Q: Are there any reservation policies for different categories in these law entrance exams?

A: Yes, most law entrance exams in India follow reservation policies to promote diversity and social inclusion. Different categories like SC, ST, OBC, and PwD (Persons with Disabilities) have specific reserved seats and relaxation in eligibility criteria. Make sure to check the respective exam’s official website for detailed information on reservation policies.

2. Q: Can I take multiple law entrance exams in the same year?

A: Yes, you can generally take multiple law entrance exams in the same year, as long as the exam dates do not clash. However, keep in mind that each exam might have its unique syllabus and question pattern, so make sure you have adequate time to prepare for each one effectively.

3. Q: What is the mode of these law entrance exams – online or offline?

A: The mode of the law entrance exams can vary. Some exams are conducted online, where you’ll need a computer to take the test. Others are conducted offline, where you’ll answer questions on paper. It’s essential to check the exam’s official website for the latest information on the mode of examination.

4. Q: Can I change my preferred law school after I clear the entrance exam?

A: Once you’ve cleared the entrance exam and secured admission to a particular law school, changing your preference might be subject to the policies of the respective institution. Some colleges may allow you to change courses or branches within the law school, while others might have specific guidelines and limitations.

5. Q: How can I stay updated about important dates and announcements related to these entrance exams?

A: To stay updated about important dates, notifications, and announcements related to these entrance exams, regularly visit the official websites of the respective exams. Many exams also have official social media accounts or newsletters you can subscribe to for instant updates.

6. Q: What if I face technical issues during an online law entrance exam?

A: If you encounter technical issues during an online law entrance exam, immediately contact the exam authorities using the helpline numbers or email addresses provided on their official website. They will guide you on the necessary steps to resolve the issue and ensure that your attempt is not compromised.

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Best Anthropology Optional Coaching in Hyderabad



anthropology optional coaching in hyderabad

Best Anthropology optional coaching in Hyderabad

Anthropology has emerged as a popular optional subject among Civil Services aspirants in the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) exams. This popularity can be attributed to several factors, including the availability of easily accessible resources for preparation and a syllabus that is relatively lighter and more comprehensible compared to other subjects. This holds true for anthropology, especially because it incorporates elements from science, making it an attractive choice for science graduates as well. The concise syllabus for anthropology optional in the UPSC Main Examination further adds to its appeal among aspiring candidates.

The anthropology optional syllabus is divided into two papers: Paper-I and Paper-II. These papers encompass a wide range of topics, including social-cultural anthropology, physical anthropology, archaeology, and Indian anthropology. By focusing on these specific areas, the syllabus provides a structured and comprehensive framework for the preparation of anthropology as an optional subject.

When it comes to IAS coaching, Hyderabad has emerged as a top destination for aspiring candidates pursuing anthropology as an optional subject. The city offers a number of renowned coaching institutes that specialize in providing guidance and support specifically tailored for the UPSC exams. These IAS coaching centers in Hyderabad provide comprehensive study materials, experienced faculty, and a conducive learning environment to help students excel in their preparation.

Here are top 5 Anthropology optional coaching institutes in Hyderabad:

Rank 1: Kartic Godavarthy, Brain Tree

Braintree, under the esteemed guidance of Mr. G.S. Karthic, stands out as one of the leading coaching institutes in India. With years of experience, Mr. G.S. Karthic has successfully mentored numerous students in the field of anthropology as an optional subject for the toughest examination, the IAS (Indian Administrative Service). Many of his students have achieved remarkable scores and cleared the exam with flying colors. The institute’s approach to teaching anthropology is characterized by its lucidity and the ability to complete the course within a limited timeframe, which greatly appeals to aspiring students.

However, due to Mr. G.S. Karthic’s commitment to teaching in Delhi as well, the number of batches per year at Braintree is relatively limited. Nevertheless, his expertise and guidance in anthropology have been instrumental in helping students excel in their UPSC preparation.

Mr. G.S. Karthic’s teaching style is highly regarded as he presents the subject matter in a simple and understandable manner, making it accessible to students from diverse backgrounds. Additionally, the study material provided by the institute is available in both Hindi and English, catering to the needs of aspirants preparing for the UPSC exam in either language. The availability of Hindi notes is particularly advantageous for candidates seeking the best preparation strategy for the UPSC exam.

Anthropology optional Coaching Fee (Offline and Online) Rs. 40,000
Course Includes Study Material
Head Office 3-6-432, Level-3, Velma Bhawan, Himayat Nagar Rd, Hyderabad, Telangana 500029
Batch Size 60 to 100
Phone Number 040 2764 4110
Highlights Faculty and Study material


In conclusion, Braintree, led by Mr. G.S. Karthic, is a distinguished coaching institute renowned for its IAS coaching in Hyderabad. With his extensive experience and effective teaching methods, Mr. G.S. Karthic has been guiding students in anthropology as an optional subject for several years. The institute’s focus on clear and concise teaching, along with the availability of study materials in Hindi and English, makes it an attractive choice for aspiring UPSC candidates seeking the best preparation for the exam.

Rank 2: Dr. Suresh Gurramkonda, Eden IAS

EDEN IAS, a leading IAS coaching institute in Hyderabad, offers comprehensive Anthropology optional foundation classes for the UPSC CSE 2023-2024 batch, facilitated by one of the finest faculty members in the field, Dr. Suresh Gurramkonda. In addition, they provide a Test Series for the Mains Exam 2022-2023. The duration of the course is approximately 3.5 to 4 months, ensuring complete and extensive coverage of the syllabus for both papers.

To aid students in their preparation, EDEN IAS supplies printed books and well-elaborated class notes, enriching the learning experience. Regular value addition material is also provided to enhance students’ understanding of the subject. The course includes a test series with periodic revision tests, which assist aspirants in honing their answer writing skills and provide guidance in effective answer presentation.

EDEN IAS is committed to offering the best interactive doubt-clearing sessions, facilitating one-on-one interactions between the students and faculty. This personalized approach ensures individual guidance and support throughout the preparation journey. Moreover, the course is available in both online and offline modes, catering to the diverse preferences of aspirants.

Anthropology optional Coaching Fee (only Online) Rs. 30,000
Course Includes Study Material and Tests
Head Office Shop No. 6, Second floor, Bada Bazar Road, Old Rajendra Nagar, Karol Bagh, New Delhi – 110060
Batch Size 60 to 100
Phone Number 9354344200
Highlights Study material and Infrastructure


In conclusion, EDEN IAS stands as a premier institute for IAS coaching in Hyderabad, providing specialized Anthropology optional foundation classes. With the expertise of Dr. Suresh Gurramkonda, the course offers comprehensive coverage of the syllabus, supplemented by printed books, detailed class notes, and value addition material. The inclusion of a test series, interactive doubt-clearing sessions, and personalized guidance further enhances the learning experience. Whether in online or offline mode, EDEN IAS provides aspiring candidates with a complete solution for their anthropology optional coaching needs.

Rank 3: Vishnu Vardhan, Vishnu IAS

Vishnu IAS Academy, a renowned IAS coaching center in Hyderabad, is dedicated to providing exceptional guidance and preparation for the UPSC exam. Quality takes precedence over quantity for them, as they maintain limited seats to ensure focused attention on every student. The academy goes the extra mile by offering a dedicated reading room or library facility, enhancing the learning environment.

What sets Vishnu IAS Academy apart is its emphasis on regular assessments. Daily and weekly tests are conducted to evaluate students’ progress and identify areas for improvement. The coaching center also conducts interview sessions, preparing students for the final stage of the selection process. Additionally, they provide daily and weekly current affairs analysis, keeping students updated with the latest developments.

Each student is assigned a personal mentor, offering individualized guidance and support throughout the preparation journey. Daily answer writing practice, combined with weekly tests alternating between prelims and mains, ensures comprehensive exam readiness.

Vishnu IAS Academy, under the leadership of Vishnu Vardhan Sir, a well-known figure in the field, focuses on enhancing the preparation techniques tailored to the demands of the examination matrix. The academy offers a diverse range of courses, covering topics from NCERTs to standard textbooks, along with specialized batches for both prelims and mains. Test series, panel discussions, debates, interactive doubt clearing sessions, and current affairs sessions are also integral parts of their comprehensive program. Moreover, they extend their coaching services to state PSCs such as TSPSC and APPSC.

Anthropology optional Coaching Fee (only Online) Rs. 49,500
Course Includes Study Material and Tests
Head Office 2nd floor , Opposite Canara Bank , Beside Gandhi nagar park , Hyderabad , Telangana , 500080
Batch Size 40 to 60
Phone Number 9000400939, 8977500939
Highlights Study material and Tests


In conclusion, Vishnu IAS Academy stands out as a leading provider of IAS coaching in Hyderabad. With their limited seats and personalized approach, they ensure the highest quality of education. The academy’s focus on regular assessments, interview sessions, current affairs analysis, and individual mentorship sets it apart. Offering a wide range of courses and comprehensive coverage of optional subjects like Anthropology, Vishnu IAS Academy caters to the diverse needs of aspiring candidates.

anthropology optional coaching in hyderabad

Rank 4: Dr. Ravindra Reddy, Analog IAS

Analog IAS, led by the esteemed faculty Dr. Ravindhra Reddy, specializes in providing guidance for Anthropology optional in the UPSC exams. The coaching institute offers a comprehensive understanding of the most relevant and applied aspects of physical, social, cultural, archaeological, and tribal anthropology perspectives, exclusively tailored for the mains examination. With a holistic approach towards the subject, Analog IAS ensures that students grasp the intricacies of Anthropology.

The institute provides academic information in both paper-based and digital formats, enabling students to access the material in their preferred mode. A key focus at Analog IAS is on developing exceptional writing skills, as this is crucial for success in the exam. Dedicated test series are conducted to hone students’ command over writing, helping them gain a competitive edge.

Analog IAS goes beyond a one-size-fits-all approach and offers personalized and strategic grooming for each candidate. Through daily one-on-one sessions, students receive individual attention and guidance to enhance their preparation. The coaching program covers various aspects of Anthropology, including sociocultural anthropology, physical/biological anthropology, prehistorical aspects, archaeological anthropology, Indian anthropology, tribal anthropology, diagrams practice, and audio-visual classes. This comprehensive approach ensures a deep understanding of the subject matter.

To further strengthen students’ skills, Analog IAS conducts extensive and exclusive mains answer writing practice sessions. These sessions allow students to refine their presentation and effectively structure their answers. The institute also offers a comprehensive test series that covers the entire syllabus, providing students with ample practice and feedback. With a commitment to timely completion of the syllabus, Analog IAS ensures that students are well-prepared within the designated timeframe.

Anthropology optional Coaching Fee (only Online) Rs. 40,000
Course Includes Classes
Head Office House No. 1-2-288/32, 2nd Floor, Above Gilma Showroom Indira Park X Road, Domalguda, Hyderabad, Telangana 500029
Batch Size 40 to 60
Phone Number 9912441137
Highlights Infrastructure


In conclusion, Analog IAS stands as a prominent IAS coaching institute in Hyderabad, offering specialized coaching for Anthropology optional. Under the guidance of Dr. Ravindhra Reddy, students gain in-depth knowledge of the subject and develop effective writing skills. With personalized attention, a comprehensive curriculum, and regular practice sessions, Analog IAS equips aspirants with the necessary tools to excel in the UPSC exams.

Rank 5: Mrs. Sosin Thayyaba Revella, Sosin Classes

Sosin Classes, formerly known as Target IAS, is the brainchild of Mrs. Sosin Thayyaba Revella, the Founder Director of the institute. With her extensive experience as a field anthropologist and renowned faculty in Anthropology, Mrs. Sosin has been instrumental in guiding civil services aspirants towards achieving their dreams. Initially established as an offline coaching institute, Sosin Classes has now transitioned into an online training institute, providing coaching for the UPSC Civil Services Examination, UGC NET, and State Public Service Commissions Exams. This transformation has enabled Sosin Classes to reach a wider audience and offer online coaching programs.

Sosin Classes has earned a reputation as the best civil services coaching institute in Hyderabad, particularly for Anthropology. Their expertise in providing training for Civil Services, competitive exams, and other academic courses has further solidified their position as a leading coaching institute. The institute offers comprehensive coaching for Civil Services Mains, encompassing online audio/video classes, preparation guidance, study material, mock tests, and interview guidance. Students also have access to a range of resources to support their preparation.

With a track record of over 1000 selections in 17 years, Sosin Classes has established itself as a reliable source of personalized guidance for civil services aspirants. They offer coaching in various optional subjects, including Anthropology, Geography, and Public Administration. The online courses provided by Sosin Classes are thoughtfully designed to cater to the specific interests and needs of aspirants, ensuring maximum benefit from the scientifically designed and executed programs.

Anthropology optional Coaching Fee (only Online) Rs. 50,000
Course Includes Study Material and Tests
Head Office H.No. 1-10-196 Ashok Nagar X Roads, Near Union Bank of India, Hyderabad, 500020, Telangana, India.
Batch Size 30 to 50
Phone Number 9989966744
Highlights Study Material, Test and Guidance


Sosin Classes stands as a premier institute for IAS coaching in Hyderabad, with a focus on online training. Founded by Mrs. Sosin Thayyaba Revella, the institute offers comprehensive coaching programs for various exams, including the UPSC Civil Services Examination. With a strong emphasis on Anthropology and other optional subjects, Sosin Classes provides personalized guidance, study materials, mock tests, and interview preparation. Their track record of success and scientifically designed online courses make them a preferred choice for civil services aspirants seeking quality coaching.

In conclusion, the popularity of anthropology as an optional subject for the UPSC exams can be attributed to its easily accessible resources and its relatively manageable syllabus. Furthermore, the inclusion of scientific elements makes it an appealing choice for science graduates. Hyderabad, with its esteemed IAS coaching centers, has become a favored destination for candidates seeking guidance and coaching specifically for anthropology as an optional subject.

FAQs: Anthropology optional coaching in Hyderabad

What makes anthropology a popular optional subject for the UPSC exams?

Anthropology is popular due to its easily accessible resources, a lighter and understandable syllabus, and its incorporation of scientific elements, making it appealing to science graduates as well.

Why is Hyderabad considered a top destination for anthropology optional coaching?

Hyderabad is recognized as a top destination for anthropology optional coaching due to the presence of reputed coaching institutes that offer specialized guidance and support for UPSC aspirants pursuing anthropology as an optional subject.

Which coaching institute in Hyderabad is known for its anthropology optional coaching?

Braintree, under the guidance of Mr. G.S. Karthic, is renowned for its anthropology optional coaching, catering to the needs of UPSC aspirants and providing comprehensive study materials and experienced faculty.

What are the advantages of choosing Vishnu IAS Academy for anthropology optional coaching in Hyderabad?

Vishnu IAS Academy offers personalized attention, strategic grooming, comprehensive coverage of the syllabus, daily answer writing practice, and a comprehensive test series, providing aspirants with a complete solution for their anthropology optional coaching needs.

What is the unique offering of Analog IAS in Hyderabad for anthropology optional coaching?

Analog IAS, led by Dr. Ravindhra Reddy, provides coaching with a holistic approach, focusing on the most relevant and applied aspects of anthropology. They emphasize writing skills, offer one-on-one mentoring, and provide extensive practice through answer writing sessions and comprehensive test series.

How does Sosin Classes differentiate itself as an IAS coaching institute in Hyderabad?

Sosin Classes, led by Mrs. Sosin Thayyaba Revella, stands out as a prominent coaching institute for civil services preparation. They offer personalized guidance, comprehensive coaching for Anthropology and other optional subjects, online audio/video classes, study materials, mock tests, interview guidance, and have a strong track record of success.

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What is the best alternative to Laxmikant Polity for the UPSC CSE?



Polity book for UPSC Neeharika Reddy Lakshmikant

What is the best alternative to Laxmikant Polity for the UPSC CSE?

Neeharika Reddy’s ‘Essentials of Polity, Governance, and Constitution’ surpasses Laxmikant Polity as a better choice due to its comprehensive coverage from legal, political, and civil services perspectives. In contrast, Laxmikant Polity solely focuses on political science, rendering it inadequate for the new pattern of the UPSC examination. With Neeharika Reddy’s book, aspirants gain a holistic understanding, making it an essential resource. As the exam evolves, Laxmikant becomes redundant, unable to address the diverse requirements. Therefore, Neeharika Reddy’s book is the superior alternative, catering to the evolving demands of the UPSC and providing a competitive edge for aspirants

Introduction: best alternative to Laxmikant Polity

When it comes to preparing for the UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE), finding the right study materials is crucial. Laxmikant Polity has long been a popular choice among aspirants. However, with the changing patterns of the UPSC question paper and the evolving requirements of the exam, it is essential to explore alternatives that offer a comprehensive understanding of the subject. One such alternative that stands out is Neeharika Reddy’s “Essentials of Polity, Governance, and Constitution.” Best polity book for UPSC or IAS Exam. In this article, we will delve into the reasons why this book is a much better choice compared to Laxmikant Polity.

best alternative to Laxmikant Polity

best alternative to Laxmikant Polity

Comprehensive Coverage from a Legal Perspective

Laxmikant Polity primarily focuses on political science, which leaves a significant gap in knowledge when it comes to the legal aspects of the subject. On the other hand, Neeharika Reddy’s book, Best polity book for UPSC, offers a holistic approach by providing coverage from both legal and political science perspectives. As a lawyer, constitutional expert, and UPSC mentor, Neeharika Reddy brings a unique blend of expertise to her book. This comprehensive coverage ensures that aspirants gain a deeper understanding of the subject matter.

Interpretations and Interlinking of Articles

One of the limitations of Laxmikant Polity is its failure to provide detailed interpretations of articles. In contrast, Neeharika Reddy’s book offers interpretations of articles and effectively interlinks them. This approach enables aspirants to grasp the nuances of the Constitution and governance more effectively. By connecting the dots between different articles, Neeharika Reddy provides a comprehensive and integrated understanding of the subject.

Reliable and Comprehensive Content

Neeharika Reddy’s book is authored by a constitutional expert, guaranteeing reliable and comprehensive content. Aspirants can trust the accuracy and authenticity of the information provided in the book. Neeharika Reddy’s expertise ensures that the content is up to date and caters to the evolving requirements of the UPSC CSE.

Polity book for UPSC Neeharika Reddy Lakshmikant

Polity book for UPSC Neeharika Reddy Lakshmikant

Filling the Gap Left by Laxmikant Polity

While Laxmikant Polity has been widely used and acknowledged for its authoritative status, it may not cover the extensive range of topics and perspectives required for the UPSC CSE. Neeharika Reddy’s book,  Best polity book for UPSC, addresses this gap and provides aspirants with a much-needed alternative. By encompassing governance and constitutionalism in one book, it offers a comprehensive resource that caters to the evolving patterns of the exam.

Endorsed by Law Professionals and Polity Experts

Neeharika Reddy’s book comes highly recommended by individuals with a background in law and those who possess a deeper understanding of polity. These experts recognize the value and significance of Neeharika Reddy’s book in filling the void left by Laxmikant Polity. Their endorsement further strengthens the credibility and reliability of this alternative.

Buying Laxmikant Due to Herd Mentality

The herd mentality phenomenon plays a significant role in the widespread adoption of Laxmikant’s Polity book. When one aspirant chooses a particular study resource, it often influences others to follow suit. However, it is crucial to note that popularity alone does not validate the effectiveness or reliability of a study material. Blindly following the herd mentality may lead aspirants to overlook alternative resources that may better cater to their needs.

Increasingly, aspirants are realizing that relying solely on Laxmikant’s book is insufficient to excel in the UPSC prelims examination. The evolving examination patterns demand a more comprehensive understanding of polity, governance, and constitution. Laxmikant’s book, while once considered adequate, may no longer provide the breadth and depth of knowledge necessary to tackle the diverse questions asked in the exam.

To meet the demands of the changing examination patterns, aspirants require a resource that offers comprehensive coverage. Neeharika Reddy’s book, for instance, emerges as a more suitable alternative. Unlike Laxmikant’s book, Neeharika Reddy’s book provides a holistic perspective on polity, encompassing legal, political, and civil services viewpoints. This comprehensive approach equips aspirants with a deeper understanding of the subject matter, allowing them to tackle questions that span various dimensions.

As the UPSC examination evolves, the importance of a comprehensive UPSC polity book becomes increasingly evident. The mere reliance on Laxmikant’s book, driven by herd mentality, is no longer sufficient to secure success in the examination. Aspirants must recognize the necessity of comprehensive coverage that aligns with the changing demands of the UPSC CSE.

A comprehensive UPSC polity book, such as Neeharika Reddy’s offering, goes beyond the limitations of Laxmikant’s book. It provides aspirants with a wider perspective, integrating legal, political, and civil services aspects. By encompassing these multiple dimensions, aspirants gain the necessary knowledge and insights to tackle the intricacies of the UPSC prelims examination effectively.

the herd mentality surrounding Laxmikant’s Polity book does not guarantee its effectiveness as a reliable study resource for the UPSC CSE. Aspirants must recognize the insufficiency of Laxmikant’s book, particularly for the UPSC prelims examination, where comprehensive coverage is paramount. To meet the evolving demands of the examination patterns, a comprehensive UPSC polity book, such as Neeharika Reddy’s offering, becomes imperative. By embracing a broader perspective that encompasses legal, political, and civil services viewpoints, aspirants can equip themselves with the knowledge and understanding necessary to excel in the UPSC CSE. It is time to move beyond the herd mentality and invest in a comprehensive UPSC polity book that truly caters to the aspirants’ needs.

Conclusion: best alternative to Laxmikant Polity

In conclusion, Neeharika Reddy’s “Essentials of Polity, Governance, and Constitution” emerges as the ultimate alternative to Laxmikant Polity for UPSC CSE aspirants. With its comprehensive coverage from a legal perspective, interpretations and interlinking of articles, reliable and comprehensive content, and endorsements from experts, it offers a superior choice for those preparing for the exam. Aspirants can rely on Neeharika Reddy’s book to gain a deeper understanding of the subject matter and enhance their chances of success in the UPSC CSE. Instead of reading multiple books, aspirants can save valuable time by opting for this all-in-one resource. Make the smart choice and equip yourself with Neeharika Reddy’s book for a comprehensive and effective preparation for the UPSC CSE.

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UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus (Updated 2023)



Sociology optional syllabus

UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus

The Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is one of the most prestigious and sought-after exams in India. Sociology  is one of the easiest and short syllabi optional. Aspiring candidates, particularly those interested in the field of sociology, often opt for Sociology as an optional subject in the UPSC mains examination. In this blog post, we will explore the syllabus for the Sociology optional paper and delve into its various aspects. So, if you are an IAS aspirant looking to choose Sociology as your optional subject, read on to gain valuable insights and understanding.


1.Sociology – The Discipline:

(a) Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology.

(b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.

(c) Sociology and common sense.

Sociology is a vital discipline that emerged as a result of the social changes in Europe during the period of modernity. It is crucial to comprehend the scope of sociology and its distinguishing features compared to other social sciences. By analysing sociology optional syllabus and its relationship with common sense, candidates can develop a more nuanced understanding of the subject.

2.Sociology as Science:

(a) Science, scientific method and critique.

(b) Major theoretical strands of research methodology.

(c) Positivism and its critique.

(d) Fact value and objectivity.

(e) Non- positivist methodologies.

To establish sociology as a science, candidates must grasp the scientific method, various theoretical strands of research methodology, and critically evaluate positivism and its critique. Furthermore, understanding the concepts of fact, value, objectivity, and non-positivist methodologies will enable candidates to approach sociological research from different perspectives.

3.Research Methods and Analysis:

(a) Qualitative and quantitative methods.

(b) Techniques of data collection.

(c) Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity.

This section focuses on the techniques of data collection, including qualitative and quantitative methods. Candidates will explore variables, sampling, hypothesis formulation, and the concepts of reliability and validity in sociological research. A thorough understanding of research methods and analysis is crucial for conducting comprehensive sociological studies.

4.Sociological Thinkers:

(a) Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.

(b) Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society.

(c) Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.

(d) Talcolt Parsons-   Social system, pattern variables.

(e) Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and  deviance, reference groups

(f) Mead   – Self and identity.

The study of sociological thinkers is fundamental to gaining a solid foundation in sociology. Candidates will delve into the ideas and contributions of influential thinkers such as Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Talcolt Parsons, Robert K. Merton, and Mead. Understanding their theories and concepts related to historical materialism, division of labor, social action, social systems, and more will help candidates develop a well-rounded understanding of sociological perspectives.

5.Stratification and Mobility:

(a) Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation

(b) Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.

(c) Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity     and race.

(d) Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility

This section explores the concepts of equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty, and deprivation. Candidates will study different theories of social stratification, including structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, and Weberian theory. Additionally, the dimensions of social stratification based on class, status groups, gender, ethnicity, and race will be analyzed. Candidates will also examine social mobility and its various types, sources, and causes.

6.Works and Economic Life:

(a) Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial /capitalist society.

(b)  Formal and informal organization of work

(c)  Labour and society.

The social organization of work in different types of societies, such as slave society, feudal society, and industrial/capitalist society, will be explored. Candidates will examine the formal and informal organization of work, as well as the intricate relationship between labor and society. Understanding the dynamics of work and economic life is crucial in comprehending the broader sociological implications.

7.Politics and Society:

(a)  Sociological theories of power

(b)  Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.

(c)   Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.

(d)   Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.

Candidates will delve into sociological theories of power, including the power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties. The concepts of nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology, protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, and revolution will also be explored. A comprehensive understanding of the interplay between politics and society is vital for sociological analysis.

8.Religion and Society:

(a)   Sociological theories of religion.

(b)   Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.

(c) Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.

This section focuses on sociological theories of religion, different types of religious practices, and their impact on modern society. Candidates will examine concepts such as animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults, secularization, religious revivalism, and fundamentalism. Analyzing the role of religion in society provides valuable insights into the dynamics of belief systems and their social ramifications.

9.Systems of Kinship:

(a)   Family, household, marriage.

(b)   Types and forms of family.

(c)   Lineage and descent

(d)   Patriarchy and sexual division of labour

(e)   Contemporary trends.

The study of family, household, marriage, lineage, descent, patriarchy, and the contemporary trends in kinship systems form an essential aspect of sociological analysis. Candidates will explore the various types and forms of families, along with the sexual division of labour within patriarchal systems. Understanding the systems of kinship provides valuable insights into the functioning of societies.

10.Social Change in Modern Society:

(a)   Sociological theories of social change.

(b)   Development and dependency.

(c)   Agents of social change.

(d)   Education and social change.

(e)   Science, technology and social change.

Candidates will delve into sociological theories of social change and its implications. The impact of development and dependency, agents of social change, education, and science and technology on society will be explored. Analyzing the dynamics of social change in modern society helps candidates develop a holistic understanding of the forces shaping the world around us.


A. Introducing Indian Society:

  1. Perspectives on the study of Indian society:

(a) Indology  (GS. Ghurye).

(b) Structural functionalism  (M N Srinivas).

(c) Marxist sociology  ( A R Desai).

  1. Impact of colonial rule on Indian society:

(a) Social background of Indian nationalism.

(b) Modernization of Indian tradition.

(c) Protests and movements during the colonial period.

(d) Social reforms

This section provides different perspectives on the study of Indian society, including the works of prominent sociologists such as GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, and A R Desai. Candidates will also explore the impact of colonial rule on Indian society, including the social background of Indian nationalism, modernization of Indian tradition, protests and movements during the colonial period, and social reforms.

B. Social Structure:

(i) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:

(a) The idea of Indian village and village studies-

(b) Agrarian social structure –

evolution of land tenure system,  land reforms.

(ii) Caste System:

(a) Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.

(b) Features of caste system.

(c) Untouchability – forms and perspectives

(iii) Tribal communities in India:

(a) Definitional problems.

(b) Geographical spread.

(c) Colonial policies and tribes.

(d) Issues of integration and autonomy.

(iv) Social Classes in India:

(a) Agrarian class structure.

(b) Industrial class structure.

(c) Middle classes in India.

(v) Systems of Kinship in India:

(a) Lineage and descent in India.

(b) Types of kinship systems.

(c) Family and marriage in India.

(d) Household dimensions of the family.

(e) Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.

(vi) Religion and Society:

(a) Religious communities in India.

(b) Problems of religious minorities.

Candidates will analyze the rural and agrarian social structure, caste system, tribal communities in India, social classes, and systems of kinship. By understanding the complexities of India’s social structure, candidates can critically analyze its dynamics and transformations.

C. Social Changes in India:

(i) Visions of Social Change in India:

(a) Idea of development planning and mixed economy.

(b) Constitution, law and social change.

(c) Education and social change.

(ii) Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:

(a) Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.

(b) Green revolution and social change.

(c) Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture .

(d) Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.

(iii) Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:

(a) Evolution of modern industry in India.

(b) Growth of urban settlements in India.

(c) Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.

(d) Informal sector, child labour

(e) Slums and deprivation in urban areas.

(iv) Politics and Society:

(a) Nation, democracy and citizenship.

(b) Political parties, pressure groups , social and political elite.

(c) Regionalism and decentralization of power.

(d) Secularization

(v) Social Movements in Modern India:

(a) Peasants and farmers movements.

(b) Women’s movement.

(c) Backward classes & Dalit movement.

(d) Environmental movements.

(e) Ethnicity and Identity movements.

(vi) Population Dynamics:

(a) Population size, growth, composition and distribution.

(b) Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.

(c) Population policy and family planning.

(d) Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.

(vii) Challenges of Social Transformation:

(a)  Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability.

(b) Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.

(c) Violence against women.

(d) Caste conflicts.

(e) Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.

(f) Illiteracy and disparities in education.

This section explores visions of social change in India, rural and agrarian transformation, industrialization, urbanization, politics, social movements, population dynamics, and the challenges of social transformation. Candidates will gain insights into the multidimensional aspects of India’s social changes, including the impact of development programs, industrial growth, political dynamics, social movements, and emerging challenges.

Conclusion: Sociology Optional Syllabus

Sociology, as an optional subject for the UPSC mains examination, provides candidates with a comprehensive understanding of society, its structures, dynamics, and changes. By exploring the diverse aspects covered in the syllabus, candidates can develop critical thinking skills and a sociological perspective, which are valuable assets for civil servants. So, if you aspire to become an IAS officer and have a keen interest in understanding society, Sociology is a subject that can enhance your knowledge and contribute to your success in the UPSC examination.

Remember, thorough preparation, consistent practice, and a comprehensive understanding of the syllabus are key to achieving success. Best of luck on your UPSC journey!


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